Historic Landscape Characterisation
The Gwent Levels

19 Trowbridge

19 Trowbridge character area: fairly simple landscape in the low-lying back-fen.
(Photo: GGAT Gwent Levels 084)

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GGAT Gwent Levels 084
Historic background

This landscape was probably created in the medieval period, but after the higher coastal areas were colonised.

There are few documentary references to this area, which was probably used simply for summer pasture and meadow.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Regular field pattern of rectangular fields, green lanes, minor agricultural settlement, drainage includes major reens and very fine surface ridging

This landscape occupies part of the lower-lying back-fen area of the Wentlooge Level mainly in the parish of St. Mellons. It borders the Roman landscape of Peterstone to the south (area 17), and area 18 to the west.

This is a very remote area of landscape, consisting of small blocks of rectangular fields, within a framework provided by major reens and minor green lanes. There are no major roads and just one farm. Some very fine areas of surface ridging survive.

Hedges are varied, but being characteristic of the lower-lying parts of Wentlooge, they are often absent; reed filled field ditches with an occasional willow are typical, giving a strongly wetland feel. They afford little screening for the housing and light industrial developments to the north and west.

The integrity and coherence as a historic landscape have been damaged, but this area still has a great value. This was an area of fairly typical Wentlooge landscape, comprising long narrow fields, the occasional major reen and an absence of settlement. The surface ridging is particularly well preserved. Piecemeal development has caused some fragmentation, but these areas retain an ecological value and could provide recreational green spaces. They also serve as a "buffer zone" between these developments and the better preserved landscapes to the south.


For further information please contact the Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust at this address. Link to the Countryside Council for Wales website at www.ccw.gov.uk or Cadw at www.cadw.wales.gov.uk